HIV Increasing in People Who Inject Drugs in Europe
In response to sharp increases in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) notifications reported among people who inject drugs in Greece and Romania, a risk assessment of HIV transmission among PWID was carried out in the European Union/European Economic Area, Croatia and Turkey, in 2011. The report, covering 31 countries, confirmed outbreaks among PWID in Greece and Romania and noted a potential for outbreaks elsewhere.
Scientists Achieve Most Detailed Picture Ever of Key Part of Hepatitis C Virus
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have determined the most detailed picture yet of a crucial part of the hepatitis C virus, which the virus uses to infect liver cells. The new data reveal unexpected structural features of this protein and should greatly speed efforts to make an effective hepatitis C vaccine.
Drug users given injection kits in Cambridge to cut heroin overdose deaths
Drug users in a Cambridge homeless hostel have been given injection kits to save the lives of friends who have taken a heroin overdose. Agencies in the city have teamed up in the potentially life-saving bid in a pilot scheme aimed at helping to reverse the effects of an overdose.
Multiple substance use among young people: Trends and risk factors
Past research on risky behaviours among teenagers has identified strong links and interconnections among different types of risky behaviours, suggesting that young individuals involved in a given risk behaviour are more likely to be involved in other types of hazardous attitudes and activities. This behavioural trend has enabled researchers to highlight that multiple substance use increases the likelihood of being involved in the use of more dangerous types of substance use.
Silk Road could have led the way to safer drug use
The end of Silk Road feels like a shame because its closure simply tells us that the American government has found yet another way to waste time and money on the policing of drugs. The internet, particularly the deep web, has opened up a new front in the war on drugs. You can almost imagine drug authorities getting a perverse thrill from the prospect of a new type of adversary, a new breed of law-breaker to add colour to a picture that is mostly taken up by ultra-violent cartels.
Krokodil Feeding Frenzy
The media do love a good drug scare story. And the new villain in town is desomorphine. Except that's not very exciting so the Russian slang term Krokodil gets used instead. Despite the fact that there's not been a single, toxicology-confirmed case of desomorphine use in the UK, it hasn't stopped the media running hyperbolic stories.
When doctors refuse to prescribe life-saving medication
Medical providers take an oath to protect the health of their patients, but in some instances, doctors may fail to prescribe life-saving medications over legal concerns, logistical barriers, or even personal prejudices. Such is often the case with naloxone...
Downtown Eastside crack kits working, says health chief
The mass distribution of 65,000 crack cocaine smoking kits in the Downtown Eastside did not trigger more drug activity but reduced burns to crack smokers and decreased the reliance on used smoking equipment. That's the conclusion of Vancouver Coastal Health chief medical health officer Dr. Patricia Daly as she examined the results of a 13-month evaluation of 4,213 crack smokers.
Use of cocaine may increase one's vulnerability to HIV infection
Cocaine use may increase one's vulnerability to HIV infection, according to a new research report published in the Journal of Leukocyte Biology. In the report, scientists show that cocaine alters immune cells, called "quiescent CD4 T cells," to render them more susceptible to the virus, and at the same time, to allow for increased proliferation of the virus.